The Minister for Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Kumari Selja has said that as per Census 2001, five states namely Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu account for 55.7% of the total slum population.
In a written reply in the Lok Sabha she said, Slum is a state
subject. However, the Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty
Alleviation is implementing the following schemes for slum dwellers and
urban poor across the country including Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh,
Gujarat, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu.
She said, the Basic Services to the Urban Poor and Integrated Housing
and Slum Development Programmes under Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal
Mission which have been launched in December 2005 and focus on basic
services to the urban poor and integrated development of slums. Under
this project, 1615 projects under BSUP and IHSDP with a total project
cost of Rs. 42501 crores for constructing 16.02 lakh houses have been
sanctioned till 31st March 2012.
The Minister said, in pursuance of the Government’s vision of creating a
Slum-free India, a new scheme ‘Rajiv Awas Yojana’ (RAY) has been
launched on 02.06.2011. The Phase I of Rajiv Awas Yojana is for a period
of two years from the date of approval of the scheme. The Scheme will
provide financial assistance to States that are willing to assign
property rights to slum dwellers for provision of decent shelter and
basic civic and social services for slum redevelopment, and for creation
of affordable housing stock.
Kumari Selja said, under the Scheme, fifty percent (50 %) of the cost of
provision of basic civic and social infrastructure and amenities and of
housing, including rental housing, and transit housing for in-situ redevelopment
– in slums would be borne by the Centre, including operation &
maintenance of assets created under this scheme. For the North Eastern
and Special Category States, the share of the Centre would be 90%
including the cost of land acquisition, if required.
8 pilot projects with total project cost of Rs. 446.22 crores involving
central assistance of Rs. 197.09 crores have been approved under RAY for
construction of total 8400 dwelling units. The first instalment of Rs.
65.69 crores has been released to the concerned states, the Minister