On completing three years in office the UPA Government recently released a ‘Report To The People’. The following achievements pertain to the Ministry of Environment & Forest and in the field of sustaining the environment.
National Action Plan on Climate Change
The National Action Plan advocates a strategy that promotes, firstly,
the adaptation to climate change and secondly, further enhancement of
the ecological sustainability of India’s development path. The eight
missions under the PM’s Council on Climate Change are the Jawaharlal
Nehru National Solar Mission, the National Water Mission, the National
Missions on Enhanced Energy Efficiency, Sustainable Habitat, and
Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change, and the National Missions for
Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, a Green India and Sustainable
An amount of Rs. 848 crore was released to State Level Compensatory
Afforestation Fund Management & Planning Authorities to carry out
protection, conservation and regeneration of natural forests in addition
to compensatory afforestation.
National Green Tribunal
The National Green Tribunal (NGT) was established in October, 2010 for
effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental
protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources
including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and
giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property.
Delhi, Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai are the five place of sitting
of the NGT.
Mission Clean Ganga
Projects worth nearly Rs. 2,600 crore have been sanctioned by the
National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA). These include projects for
development of sewer networks, sewage treatment plants and sewage
pumping stations, electric crematoria, community toilets and development
of river fronts.
Several innovations have been introduced for improved implementation of
projects sanctioned by the NGRBA. These include Tripartite Memoranda of
Agreements, project appraisal by independent institutions, Third Party
Inspection, etc. State River Conservation Authorities have been
constituted in the five Ganga basin States to facilitate better
coordination and implementation of conservation activities at the State
The Central Government has secured World Bank assistance of US$ 1
billion for the NGRBA Programme. The World Bank project will support
NGRBA’s immediate objective of Mission Clean Ganga.
A detailed report on the country level status of tigers, co-predators
and prey in India was released in July, 2011. This was the second round
of country level snapshot assessment. The earlier estimation made in
2006 indicated that there were 1411 tigers in the country; the current
estimates show that this number has increased by about 20% to 1706.