Tuesday, May 1, 2012

Justice Dalveer Bhandari elected to the International Court of Justice

Justice Dalveer Bhandari, the judge of the Indian Supreme Court, was elected to the position of Judge of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the elections held in New York, United States on 27 April 2012. He secured 122 out of 197 votes in the General Assembly and 13 out of 15 votes in the Security Council.
Justice Dalveer Bhandari defeated the 84-year-old Justice Florentino Feliciano of the Philippines in the elections held to fill the casual vacancy following the resignation of Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh from Jordan in October 2011. He will have six-year tenure. He is eligible for re-election for a second term of nine years at the end of the present term.
Justice Bhandari will be the third Asian representative in the 15-member ICJ. As per Article 8 of the ICJ statute the General Assembly and the Security Council elect a judge for the ICJ. Hisashi Owada from Japan, who is also the president, and Xue Hanqin from China are two other Asians in the ICJ bench.
Justice Bhandari was unanimously elected as President of the India International Law Foundation in 2007. He is continuing in that position. Due to retire in September 2012, he will have to step down as a judge of the Supreme Court to assume the new charge.
International Court of Justice (ICJ)
The ICJ,  the principal judicial body of the United Nations is based in the in the Hague in Netherland. Established in 1945 by the UN charter, the Court commenced work in 1946. The basic functions of ICJ include settlement of legal disputes submitted to it by member states and to provide advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by duly authorized international organs, agencies, and the UN General Assembly.
ICJ,  which is more often referred to as the World Court, is comprised of 15 Judges who serve for nine years. In the bench of 15 Judges, 3 hails from Africa; 2 from Latin America; 3 from Asia; 5 from Western Europe and other States and 2 from Eastern Europe.